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A binary option is a financial option in which the payoff is either some fixed monetary amount or nothing at all. The former pays some fixed amount of cash if the option expires in-the-money while the latter pays the value of the underlying security. While binary options may be used in theoretical asset pricing, they are prone to fraud in their applications and hence banned by regulators in many jurisdictions as a form of gambling.

FBI is investigating binary option scams throughout the world, and the Israeli police have tied the industry to criminal syndicates. On January 30,Facebook banned advertisements for binary options trading as well as for cryptocurrencies and initial coin offerings ICOs.

Binary options "are based on a simple 'yes' or 'no' proposition: Will an underlying asset be above a certain price at a certain time? If a customer believes the price of a commodity or currency will be above a certain price at a set time, he buys the binary option.

If he believes it will be below that price, he sells the option. Investopedia described the binary options trading process in the U. This is called being "in the money. This is called being "out of the money. On non-regulated platforms, client money is not necessarily kept in a trust account, as required by government financial regulationand transactions are not monitored by third parties in order to ensure fair play.

Binary options are often considered a form of gambling rather than investment because of their negative cumulative payout the brokers have an edge over the investor and because they are advertised as requiring little or no knowledge of the markets.

Gordon Papewriting in Forbes. Pape observed that binary options are poor from a gambling standpoint as well because of the excessive "house edge". Let's say you make 1, "trades" and win of them. In other words, you must win Commodity Futures Trading Commission warns that "some binary options Internet-based trading platforms may overstate the average return on investment by advertising a higher average return on investment than a customer should expect given the payout structure.

Many binary option "brokers" have been exposed as fraudulent operations. Manipulation of price data to cause customers to lose is common. Withdrawals are regularly stalled or refused by such operations; if a client has good reason to expect a payment, the operator will simply stop taking their phone calls. In Israel, where a high concentration of such firms can be binary options brokers wikipedia, binary options trading was prohibited for Israeli customers in March on the grounds that it is a form of gambling and not a legitimate investment technique.

On June 18,a ban on marketing binary options to customers outside of Israel was passed by the cabinet. In AugustBelgium's Financial Services and Markets Authority banned binary options schemes, based on concerns binary options brokers wikipedia widespread fraud.

No firms are registered in Canada to offer or sell binary options, so no binary options trading is currently allowed. Provincial regulators have proposed a complete ban on all binary options trading include a ban on online advertising for binary options trading sites. The effect is that binary options brokers wikipedia options platforms operating in Cyprus, where many of the platforms are now based, would have to be CySEC regulated within six months of the date of the announcement.

InCySEC prevailed over the disreputable binary options brokers and communicated intensively with traders in order to prevent the risks of using unregulated financial services. CySEC also issued a warning against binary option broker PlanetOption at the end of the year and another warning against binary option broker LBinary on January 10,pointing out that it was not regulated by the Commission and the Commission had not received any notification by any of its counterparts in other European countries to the effect of this firm being a regulated provider.

OptionBravo and ChargeXP were also financially penalized. The AMF stated that it would ban the binary options brokers wikipedia of certain highly speculative and risky financial contracts to private binary options brokers wikipedia by electronic means. The French regulator is determined to cooperate with the legal authorities to have illegal websites blocked.

This ban was seen by industry watchers as having an impact on sponsored sports such as European football clubs. In March binary options trading within Israel was banned by the Israel Securities Authorityon the grounds that such trading is essentially gambling and not a form binary options brokers wikipedia investment management. The ban was extended to overseas clients as well binary options brokers wikipedia October In Binary options brokers wikipedia Times of Israel ran several articles on binary options fraud.

Israel's vast, amoral binary options scam exposed" revealed that the industry is a scam. The companies were also banned binary options brokers wikipedia from operating in the United States or selling to U. The Binary options brokers wikipedia and six other employees were charged with fraud, providing unlicensed investment advice, and obstruction of justice.

On May 15,Eliran Saada, the owner of Express Target Marketingwhich has operated the binary options companies InsideOption and SecuredOptions, was arrested on suspicion of binary options brokers wikipedia, false accounting, forgery, extortionand blackmail.

In August Israeli police superintendent Rafi Biton said that the binary trading industry had "turned into a monster". He told the Israeli Knesset that criminal investigations had begun.

They arrested her for wire fraud and conspiracy to commit wire fraud. This required providers to obtain a category 3 Investment Services license and conform to MiFID's minimum capital requirements ; firms could previously operate from the jurisdiction with a valid Lottery and Gaming Authority license. In AprilNew Zealand 's Financial Markets Authority FMA announced that all brokers that offer short-term investment instruments that settle within three days are required to obtain a license from the agency.

The FCA in did propose bringing binary options under its binary options brokers wikipedia and restricting them. The Isle of Mana self-governing Crown dependency for which the UK is responsible, has issued licenses to companies offering binary options as "games of skill" licensed and regulated under fixed odds betting by the Isle of Man Gambling Supervision Commission GSC.

On October 19,London police [ disambiguation needed ] raided 20 binary options firms in London. Fraud within the market is rife, with many binary options providers using the names of famous and respectable people without their knowledge. In the United States, the Securities and Exchange Commission approved exchange-traded binary options in On the exchange binary options were called "fixed return binary options brokers wikipedia FROs ; calls were named "finish high" and puts were named "finish low".

To reduce the threat of market manipulation of single stocks, FROs use a "settlement index" defined as a volume-weighted average of trades on the expiration day. Montanaro submitted a patent application for exchange-listed binary options using a volume-weighted settlement index in In Nadexa U. Binary options brokers wikipedia June 6, binary options brokers wikipedia, the U.

Commodity Futures Trading Commission CFTC and the Securities and Exchange Commission jointly issued binary options brokers wikipedia Investor Alert to warn about fraudulent promotional schemes involving binary options and binary options trading platforms.

The two agencies said that they had received numerous complaints of fraud about binary options trading sites, "including refusal to credit customer accounts or reimburse funds to customers; identity theft ; binary options brokers wikipedia manipulation of software to generate losing trades". Other binary options operations were violating requirements to register with regulators.

Regulators found binary options brokers wikipedia company used a "virtual office" in New York's Trump Tower in pursuit of its binary options brokers wikipedia, evading a ban on off-exchange binary option contracts.

The company neither admitted nor denied the allegations. In February the Times of Israel reported that the FBI was conducting an active international investigation of binary option fraud, emphasizing its international nature, saying that the agency was "not limited to the USA".

The investigation is not limited to the binary options brokers, but is comprehensive and could include companies that provide services that allow the industry to operate. Credit card issuers will be informed of the fraudulent nature of much of the industry, which could possibly allow victims to receive a chargebackor refund, of fraudulently obtained money. On March 13,the FBI reiterated its warning, declaring that the "perpetrators behind many of the binary options websites, primarily criminals located overseas, are only interested in one thing—taking your binary options brokers wikipedia.

They also provide a checklist on how to avoid being victimized. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. External video Simona Weinglass on prosecuting binary options firmsTimes of Israel3: Retrieved January 26, Journal of Business Retrieved 17 December Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved February 15, Retrieved March 15, Retrieved March 29, Retrieved March 4, Retrieved 18 May Israel's vast, amoral binary options scam exposed".

The Times of Israel. Here's how we fleece the clients". Retrieved October 24, Retrieved February 7, Retrieved 14 January Archived from the original on Retrieved 15 April Commodity Futures Trading Commission. Retrieved 20 November Retrieved June 19, Retrieved 5 Binary options brokers wikipedia Retrieved April 26, Retrieved September 28, Retrieved 4 June Retrieved 27 March Commodities and Futures Trading Commission. Retrieved May 16, Retrieved September 24, Retrieved 21 October Isle of Man Government.

Retrieved September 20,

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A broker is an individual person who arranges transactions between a buyer and a seller for a commission when the deal is executed. A broker who also acts as a seller or as a buyer becomes a principal party to the deal. Neither role should be confused with that of an agent —one who acts on behalf of a principal party in a deal. A broker is an independent party, whose services are used extensively in some industries.

A broker's prime responsibility is to bring sellers and buyers together and thus a broker is the third-person facilitator between a buyer and a seller.

An example would be a real estate broker who facilitates the sale of a property. Brokers also can furnish market information regarding prices, products, and market conditions.

Brokers may represent either the seller or the buyer but not both at the same time. An example would be a stockbroker , who makes the sale or purchase of securities on behalf of his client. Brokers play a huge role in the sale of stocks, bonds, and other financial services. There are advantages to using a broker. First, they know their market and have already established relations with prospective accounts.

Brokers have the tools and resources to reach the largest possible base of buyers. They then screen these potential buyers for revenue that would support the potential acquisition. An individual producer, on the other hand, especially one new in the market, probably will not have the same access to customers as a broker.

Another benefit of using a broker is cost—they might be cheaper in smaller markets, with smaller accounts, or with a limited line of products. Before hiring a broker, it may be considered prudent to research the requirements relating to someone using the title.

Some titles, such as real estate brokers, often have strict state requirements for using the term, while others, such as aircraft brokers, typically have no formal licensing or training requirements. The word "broker" derives from Old French broceur "small trader", of uncertain origin, but possibly from Old French brocheor meaning "wine retailer", which comes from the verb brochier , or "to broach a keg ". Media related to Brokers at Wikimedia Commons.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Broker disambiguation. For the not-for-profit organization "the Brokerage", see The Brokerage Citylink.

Stanton, and Gregory A. Management of a Sales Force. Retrieved from " https: All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from January Pages using div col with deprecated parameters Commons category without a link on Wikidata Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers.

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