23 Useful PKG Command Examples to Manage Packages in FreeBSD

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Gradually, I've been …. Gradually, I've been using it less and less and now I feel I must describe why, in a hopefully productive and positive fashion. An operating freebsd binary packages vs ports is useless without its applications, and the currently blessed binary package management system, the pkg is seriously broken.

I was very enthusiastic about pkg then called pkgngand I'm very much dissapointed that several YEARS of its existence and bug reports yes, I've submitted them to the right mailing listhave had no effect and it is now as broken as it was in the beginning in a critical area: Currently, the only significant way package dependancies are honoured at all is when a package is first installed.

At that time, it will bring up all the dependancies required for the package to work. Unfortunately, once installed, common install and upgrade operations which must take dependancies into effect don't do it, or do it incompletely or erronousely, so upgrading a complex package can leave the system in a broken state.

This was obviously a system installed some time ago, last upgraded when the current version of PHP was 5. The current version of Freebsd binary packages vs ports is 5. This is the right command, no problems freebsd binary packages vs ports. It's effectthough, was for practical intents and purposes, broken:. Even worse, if I tried to upgrade PHP, this would happen:. This must never happen! This is a major issue for FreeBSD, since its packages are on a "rolling release" track.

This means that new versions of popular packages arrive into the repositories shortly after they are released freebsd binary packages vs ports the upstream project. In case of PHP, the installed versions become out of sync with the freshest ones in the repos very fast, and currently the only possible way of upgrading PHP is to upgrade each and every extension separately - an operation which, because of the broken dependancy tracking, may install new binaries.

I've had cases where I would upgrade apachethis operation would sometimes upgrade aprbut it would then always fail to upgrade subversionwhich depends on aprleaving it broken until manually and individually fixed. The situation I have described exists since pkgng was released, since at least This blog post describes what I did today, at the end of February Note that there is a -R switch to pkg install which is described as When used with -f, reinstalls any packages that require the given package.

As an illustration, consider a system which has the following packages installed: It's effectthough, was for practical intents and purposes, broken: FreeBSD repository is up-to-date. All repositories are up-to-date. Updating database digests format: Proceed with this action? Even worse, if I tried to upgrade PHP, this would happen: The following 6 packages freebsd binary packages vs ports be affected of 0 checked: The recorded dependancies are, suprisingly, correct: Can anyone else confirm this?

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As of April , there are over 31, ports [1] available in the collection. It has also been adopted by NetBSD as the basis of its pkgsrc system. The ports collection uses Makefiles arranged in a directory hierarchy so that software can be built , installed and uninstalled with the make command.

When installing an application, very little if any user intervention is required after issuing a beginning command such as make install or make install clean in the ports directory of the desired application. In most cases the software is automatically downloaded from the Internet , patched and configured if necessary, then compiled , installed and registered in the package database.

If the new port has needed dependencies on other applications or libraries, these are installed beforehand automatically. Most ports are already configured with default options which have been deemed generally appropriate for most users. However, these configuration options called knobs can sometimes be changed before installation using the make config command, which brings up a text-based interface that allows the user to select the desired options.

Historically, each port or software package has been maintained by an individual port maintainer who is responsible for ensuring the currency of the port and providing general support. Today, many ports are maintained by special task forces or sub-projects, each with a dedicated mailing list e. In general, anyone may become a port maintainer by contributing their favorite software to the collection.

One may also choose to maintain an existing port with no active maintainer. Precompiled binary ports are called packages. A package can be created from the corresponding port with the make package command; prebuilt packages are also available for download from FreeBSD-hosted package repositories. A user can install a package by passing the package name to the pkg install command. This downloads the appropriate package for the installed FreeBSD release version , then installs the application, including any software dependencies it may have.

FreeBSD maintains a build farm called the pointyhat cluster in which all packages for all supported architectures and major releases are built. The build logs and known errors for all ports built into packages through the pointyhat cluster are available in a database. These precompiled packages are separated into categories by the architectures for which they are available. Packages are further separated into several "release" directories, one for each current production release built from the ports collection and shipped with the release.

These production release directories are never updated. There are also stable and current directories for several major release branches.

These are updated more or less weekly. In most cases a package created for an older version of FreeBSD can be installed and used on a newer system without difficulty since binary backward compatibility across major releases is enabled by default. A packaging system called pkg has replaced the package management system in FreeBSD The Ports Management Team was later formed to handle this task. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Chrome Web Store Mozilla Add-ons. Uncompiled packages source code. Fink MacPorts Homebrew pkgsrc. Retrieved from " https: Free package management systems FreeBSD. Use mdy dates from June Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 1 April , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.