pkgsrc: The NetBSD Packages Collection

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Basically, there are two ways of using pkgsrc. The first is to only install the package tools and to use binary packages that someone else has prepared. Then you are netbsd install binary packages to build your own packages, and you can still use binary packages netbsd install binary packages someone else. These binary packages have been built using the default settings netbsd install binary packages the directories, that is:. To install binary packages, you first need to know from where to get them.

This directory contains binary packages for multiple platforms. First, select your operating system. Ignore the directories with version numbers attached to it, they just exist for legacy reasons. In this directory, you often find a file called bootstrap.

If the file is missing, it is likely that your operating system already provides those tools. Note that any prerequisite packages needed to run the package in question will be installed, too, assuming they are present where you install from. Adding packages might install vulnerable packages. To deinstall a package, it does not matter whether it was installed from source code or from a binary package. The package name can be given with or without version number.

The -r option is very powerful: The NetBSD Security-Officer and Packages Groups maintain a list of known security vulnerabilities to packages which are or have been included in pkgsrc. There are two components to auditing. If a package is vulnerable, you will see output similar to the following:.

You may wish to have the vulnerabilities file downloaded daily so that it remains current. This may be done by adding an appropriate entry to the root users crontab 5 entry. For example the entry. The result of the audit are then emailed to root. You can then use make update to update the package on your system and rebuild any dependencies. After obtaining pkgsrc, the pkgsrc directory now contains a set of packages, organized into categories.

The rest of this chapter assumes that the package is already in pkgsrc. To build packages from source, you need a working C compiler. The first step for building a package is downloading the distfiles i. If they have not yet been downloaded, pkgsrc will fetch them automatically. If you have all files that you need in the distfiles directory, you don't need to connect. By default a list of distribution sites will be randomly intermixed to prevent huge load on servers which holding popular packages for example, SourceForge.

Netbsd install binary packages, every time when you need to fetch netbsd install binary packages another distfile all the mirrors will be tried in new random order. You can overwrite some of the major distribution sites to fit to sites that are netbsd install binary packages to your own.

By setting one or two variables you can modify the order in which the master sites are accessed. This may save some of your bandwidth and time. You can change these settings either in your shell's environment, or, if you want to netbsd install binary packages the settings, by editing the mk.

To ensure you have all the source downloaded initially you can run the command:. You can also choose to download the files manually. Once the software has downloaded, any patches will be applied, then it will be compiled for you. This may take some time depending on your computer, and how many other packages the software depends on and their compile time. The next stage is to actually install the newly compiled program onto your system. Do this by entering:.

Installing the package on your system may require you to be root. However, pkgsrc has a just-in-time-su feature, which allows you to only become root for the actual installation step. If other packages were also added to your system dependencies to allow your program to compile, you can tidy these up also with the command:.

Please note that you should use a directory which is dedicated to packages and not shared with other programs i. This is to prevent possible conflicts between programs and other files installed by the package system and whatever else may have been installed there. Some packages look in mk. This may be for debugging purposes, or out of simple curiosity.

A number of utility values have been added to help with this. If you want to know the value of a certain make 1 definition, then the VARNAME definition should be used, in conjunction with the netbsd install binary packages target. A final word of warning: If you set up a system that has a non-standard setting for LOCALBASEbe sure to set that netbsd install binary packages any packages are installed, as netbsd install binary packages cannot use several directories for the same purpose.

Doing so will result in pkgsrc not being able to properly detect your installed packages, and fail miserably. Table of Contents 4. Using binary packages 4.

Finding binary packages 4. Installing binary packages 4. Getting information about installed packages 4. Checking for security vulnerabilities in installed packages 4. Finding if newer versions of your installed packages are in pkgsrc 4. Other administrative functions 4. Building packages from source 4.

How to build and install. Getting information about netbsd install binary packages packages. Checking for security vulnerabilities in installed packages. Finding if newer versions of your installed packages are in pkgsrc. Building packages from source.

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It is used to enable freely available software to be configured and built easily on supported platforms. Please see Johnny C. Lam's message to the tech-pkg mailing list for details, including the charters for these lists. In a message to the tech-pkg mailing list Alistair G.

Crooks announced that the NetBSD Packages Team will stop the development of non-essential changes for pkgsrc to prepare for the release of the next stable branch pkgsrcQ4. The freeze period will begin December 12th and is expected to last about two weeks. During this period, the developers will bring down the number of open problem reports and fix problems shown by the bulk builds.

The monthly summary of pkgsrc activities has been published by Alistair G. At the end of November pkgsrc contained packages, an increase of 80 new packages from the previous month. Crooks has posted his monthly account of the changes to the Packages Collection in October By his calculations, at the end of October , there were packages in the Packages Collection, up from the previous month, a rise of Please read Alistair G.

Crooks's message for details. After retrieving the required source or binaries, you can be up and running with pkgsrc in just minutes! If you are using NetBSD, you can get started with pkgsrc right away. Skip ahead to Installing packages. We provide a bootstrap kit in both source and binary form for other platforms, consisting of the pkg administration tools and other tools required to use pkgsrc and build packages.

Of course, as with any binary distributions, you should verify the checksum against the SUM or CKSUM file and inspect the contents before extracting it. You can download the pkgsrc tarball updated weekly or checkout the latest sources using AnonCVS:. However, these can also be set using command-line parameters use.

A selection of precompiled binary packages for NetBSD 1. The majority of users will find the browsable web listing most useful. Packages can be installed either by downloading a package and its prerequisites to a local disk and running:. Prerequisites will be automatically retrieved and installed if they are available in the same remote directory.

The NetBSD Packages Collection consists of a set of Makefiles, brief descriptions, and any patches needed to ensure easy compilation of third-party programs. Installing pkgsrc will allow you to easily compile and install any of the software contained in the collection. More details can be found in the full pkgsrc documentation.

Installing packages is quite easy. If you use a dialup connection to gain access to the internet, connect now, so the software source can be retrieved for you. To ensure you have all the source downloaded initially you can run the command:. You can retrieve the files from mirror servers near your network. The sources and any patches, plus any software that the compilation of the program requires will now be downloaded to your system.

Once the software has downloaded, any patches will be applied, then it will be compiled for you. This may take some time depending on your computer, and how many other packages the software depends on and their compile time.

The next stage is to actually install the newly compiled program onto your system. Do this by entering:. If other packages were also added to your system dependencies to allow your program to compile, you can tidy these up also with the command:.

It is not present by default, but can be created when needed. Among the many values which can be set are:. This should not be changed on a system which is already using pkgsrc. The NetBSD Security-Officer and Packages Groups maintain a list of known security vulnerabilities to packages which are or have been included in pkgsrc. If a package is vulnerable, you will see output similar to the following:.

You can then use make update to update the package on your system and rebuild any dependencies. The reverse to the procedure performed above. Change to the appropriate pkgsrc directory before use. There are a number of additional tools in pkgsrc that provide additional features for maintaining a pkgsrc system. See the Utilities for package management pkgtools section of the pkgsrc guide for a list.

Available packages Documentation Mailing Lists Why pkgsrc? Checking for security vulnerabilities in installed packages Finding if newer versions of your installed packages are in pkgsrc Other Commands for the NetBSD Packages Collection pkgsrc maintenance tools Other related reading.

Apparently Simon has more than photos, and with a click or two he can select really easily after they have been tagged. Latest pkgsrc changes Available packages indexed by category Complete list of all packages List of IPv6-enabled packages. Complete pkgsrc documentation packages 7 manual page, an introduction to pkgsrc.

Easy building of software from source as well as the creation and installation of binary packages. The source and latest patches are retrieved from a master or mirror download site, checksum verified, then built on your system.

Support for binary-only distributions is available for both native platforms and NetBSD emulated platforms. All packages are installed in a consistent directory tree, including binaries, libraries, man pages and other documentation.

Package dependencies, including when performing package updates, are handled automatically. The configuration files of various packages are handled automatically during updates, so local changes are preserved. Like NetBSD, pkgsrc is designed with portability in mind and consists of highly portable code.

This allows the greatest speed of development when porting to new a platform. This portability also ensures that pkgsrc is consistent across all platforms. The installation prefix, acceptable software licenses, international encryption requirements and build-time options for a large number of packages are all set in a simple, central configuration file.

The entire source not including the distribution files is freely available under a BSD license, so you may extend and adapt pkgsrc to your needs. Support for local packages and patches is available right out of the box, so you can configure it specifically for your environment.

Building packages from source. To ensure you have all the source downloaded initially you can run the command: Do this by entering: That's it, the software should now be installed and setup for use. If other packages were also added to your system dependencies to allow your program to compile, you can tidy these up also with the command: Checking for security vulnerabilities in installed packages. Finding if newer versions of your installed packages are in pkgsrc.

The Package of the Month award jointly goes to: Darwin Mac OS X. Interix Microsoft Windows Services for Unix.