Classe préparatoire aux grandes écoles
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The workload is one of the highest in the world  between 29 and 45 contact hours a week, plus usually between 4 and 6 hours of written exams, plus between 2 and 4 hours of oral exams a week and homework filling all the remaining free time .
Thus, each CPGE receives hundreds of applications from around the world every April and May, and selects its new students under its own criteria mostly excellence. On a given class at one of the prep schools listed above, around application files will be examined for only 40 places.
Preparatory classes are officially not authorized to deliver any degrees, but they give ECTS university equivalence since the academic year, and students who decide to can prepa economique et commerciale option economique on their studies at university. Most of the students in these classes continue their cursus at the university, so the teachers' council can deliver them the corresponding grade in one or two disciplines at the end of the year only up to a bachelor's degree for 3 years of Prepa economique et commerciale option economique.
CPGE exist in three different fields of study: All CPGE programs have a nominal duration of prepa economique et commerciale option economique years, but the second year is sometimes repeated once.
The different tracks are the following:. Both the first and second year programmes include as much as ten to twelve hours of mathematics teaching per week, ten hours of physics, two hours of literature and philosophy, two to four hours of one or two foreign language s teaching and two to eight hours of minor options: Compare to the other classes, it teaches biology and geology. The students of these classes are called taupins. The word taupe means "mole" in French.
Its signification prepa economique et commerciale option economique from the lifestyle of students in classes preparatoires. The intensive workload makes students sacrifice their social life for the classes preparatoires years.
They spend most of their time studying inside and barely go outside. A very specific kind of CPGE is targeting technicians. The literary and humanities CPGEs are focused on a strong pluri-disciplinary course, including all humanities: Nevertheless, the prepa economique et commerciale option economique can now also apply for many other entrance exams. However, both the first and the second year programmes include ten hours of mathematics teaching per week and also six hours of business history and geography, six hours of French and philosophy, and three hours of each language 2 languages in the "ECS" section.
The amount of work required of the students is exceptionally high. They consist of oral examinations prepa economique et commerciale option economique a week, in maths, physics, chemistry, biology and earth sciences in BCPST classesFrench and a foreign language, usually English, German or Spanish. Students, usually in groups of three, spend an hour facing a professor alone in a room, answering questions and solving problems. They are taken every quarter in every subject.
Students usually have one hour to prepare a short presentation that takes the form of a French-style dissertation a methodologically codified essay, typically structured in three parts: The student then has 20 min to present her or his prepared work so just one part of their work to the teacher, who ends the session by asking some questions on the presentation and on the corresponding topic. A student in a scientific CPGE who repeats the second year obtains the status of cinq demis "five halves".
They were only trois demis "three halves" during their first second-year and un demi "one half" in the first year. Some ambitious professors encourage their top students to avoid or postpone admittance to other prestigious schools in order to try to get a better school.
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