Replication checksums in MySQL 5.6
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Home html info man. The server writes these files in binary format. To display their contents in text format, use the mysqlbinlog utility. You can also use mysqlbinlog to display the contents of relay log files written by a slave server in a replication setup because relay logs have the same format as binary logs. The binary log and relay log are discussed further in Section 5. Invoke mysqlbinlog like this: Verify-binlog-checksum example, to display the contents of the binary log file named binlog.
For statement-based verify-binlog-checksum, event information includes the SQL statement, the ID of the server on which it was executed, the timestamp when the statement was executed, how much time it took, and so forth. For row-based logging, the event indicates a row change rather than an SQL statement.
Events are preceded by header comments that provide additional information. The second line starts with a date and time indicating when the statement started on the server where the event originated. For replication, this timestamp verify-binlog-checksum propagated to slave servers.
On a slave, it is the difference of the end execution time on the slave minus the beginning execution time on the master. The difference serves as an indicator of how much replication lags behind the master. Zero verify-binlog-checksum that no error occurred. Note When using event groups, the verify-binlog-checksum offsets of events may be grouped together and the comments of events may be grouped together.
Do not mistake these grouped events for blank file offsets. The output from mysqlbinlog can be re-executed for example, by using it as input to mysql to redo the statements in the log. This is useful for recovery operations after a server crash. For other usage examples, see the discussion later in verify-binlog-checksum section and in Section 7. Normally, you use mysqlbinlog to read binary log files directly and apply them to the local MySQL server. It is also possible to read binary verify-binlog-checksum from a remote server by using the --read-from-remote-server option.
Verify-binlog-checksum read remote binary logs, the connection parameter options verify-binlog-checksum be given to indicate how to verify-binlog-checksum to the server. These options are --host--password--port--protocol--socketand --user ; they are ignored except when you also use the --read-from-remote-server option.
When running mysqlbinlog against a large binary log, be careful that verify-binlog-checksum filesystem verify-binlog-checksum enough space for the resulting files. Display a help message and verify-binlog-checksum. The verify-binlog-checksum has these verify-binlog-checksum values verify-binlog-checksum case sensitive: Note Automatic BINLOG display is the only safe behavior if you intend to use the output of mysqlbinlog to re-execute binary log file contents.
The other option values are intended only for debugging or testing purposes because they may produce output that does not include all events in executable form. This option is verify-binlog-checksum beginning with MySQL 5. Verify-binlog-checksum are grouped into events smaller than this size if possible. The value should be a multiple of The default is 4GB. It is not required for normal operation. The effective verify-binlog-checksum and minimum values for this option depend verify-binlog-checksum whether mysqlbinlog is run in blocking mode or non-blocking mode.
When verify-binlog-checksum is run in blocking mode, the default and minimum value is 1; when run in non-blocking mode, the default and minimum value is 0. This option was added in MySQL 5.
The --database option for mysqlbinlog is similar to the --binlog-do-db option for mysqldbut can be used to specify only one database. If --database is given multiple times, only the last instance verify-binlog-checksum used.
The verify-binlog-checksum of this option depend on whether the statement-based or verify-binlog-checksum logging format is in use, in verify-binlog-checksum same way that the effects of --binlog-do-db depend on whether statement-based or row-based logging is in use. The --database option works as follows: The database being created, altered, or dropped is considered to be the default database when verify-binlog-checksum whether to output verify-binlog-checksum statement.
Suppose that the binary log was created by executing these statements verify-binlog-checksum statement-based-logging: The default database has no effect on this. Suppose that the binary log just described was created using row-based logging rather than statement-based logging. In particular, no cross-database updates should be used. Prior to MySQL 5. The default is d: If the file does not exist or is otherwise inaccessible, an error occurs. For example, mysqlbinlog normally reads the [client] and [mysqlbinlog] groups.
This is useful for avoiding an endless loop if you use the --to-last-log option and are sending the output to the same MySQL server. This option also is useful when restoring after a crash to avoid duplication of the statements verify-binlog-checksum have logged. Added verify-binlog-checksum MySQL 5.
Without this option, mysqlbinlog stops if it verify-binlog-checksum such an event. The hex verify-binlog-checksum can be helpful for replication debugging. Important Verify-binlog-checksum temporary files are not automatically removed by mysqlbinlog or any other MySQL program.
A "login path" is an verify-binlog-checksum group that permits only a limited set of options: Think of a login path as a set of values that indicate the server host and the credentials for authenticating with the server. If program startup fails due to reading unknown options from an option file, --no-defaults can be used to prevent them from being read. The exception is that the. This permits passwords to be specified in a safer way than on the verify-binlog-checksum line even when --no-defaults is used.
If you use the short option form -pyou cannot have a space between the option and the password. If you omit the password value following the --password or -p option on verify-binlog-checksum command line, mysqlbinlog prompts for one. Specifying a password on the command line should be considered insecure. You can use an option file verify-binlog-checksum avoid giving the password on the command line.
It verify-binlog-checksum be verify-binlog-checksum to specify this option if the --default-auth verify-binlog-checksum is used to specify an authentication plugin but mysqlbinlog does not find it. It verify-binlog-checksum useful when the other connection parameters normally would cause a protocol to verify-binlog-checksum used other than the one you want.
For details on the permissible values, see Section 4. The --raw option tells mysqlbinlog to write them in their original binary verify-binlog-checksum.
Its use requires that --read-from-remote-server also be used because the files are requested from a server. The --raw verify-binlog-checksum can be used to make a backup verify-binlog-checksum a server's binary log. With the --stop-never option, the backup is "live" verify-binlog-checksum mysqlbinlog stays connected to the server. By default, output files are written in the current directory with the same names as the original log files. Output file names can be modified using the --result-file option.
See also the description for --read-from-remote-server. Any connection parameter options are ignored unless this option is given as well. These options are --host--passwordverify-binlog-checksum--protocol--socketand --user.
This option requires that the remote server be running. It works only for binary log files on the remote server, not verify-binlog-checksum log files. As of MySQL 5. With --rawverify-binlog-checksum writes one binary output file for each log file transferred from the server, writing them by default in the current directory using the same names as the original log file.
In this case, the --result-file option value is treated as a prefix that modifies output verify-binlog-checksum names. This prevents verify-binlog-checksum except for servers that use the newer password format. This option is enabled by default; use --skip-secure-auth to disable it. Note Passwords that use the verify-binlog-checksum For account upgrade instructions, see Section 6. If the binary log was written by a mysqld with server-id-bits set to less than 32 and user data stored in the verify-binlog-checksum significant bit, running mysqlbinlog with --server-id-bits set to 32 enables this data to be seen.
The shared-memory name is case sensitive. The server must be started with the --shared-memory option verify-binlog-checksum enable shared-memory connections. This is for testing only, and should not be used in production systems. This is needed when writing to a dump file from one or more binary logs verify-binlog-checksum GTIDs, as shown in this example: Verify-binlog-checksum datetime value is relative verify-binlog-checksum the local time zone on the machine where you run mysqlbinlog.
This option applies to the first log file named on the command line. This option is useful for point-in-time recovery. See the description of verify-binlog-checksum --start-datetime option for information about the datetime value. It tells mysqlbinlog to remain connected to the server. Otherwise mysqlbinlog exits when the last log file has been transferred from the server. It can be used to avoid a conflict with the ID of a slave server or another mysqlbinlog process.
This option applies to the last log file named on verify-binlog-checksum command line.